Michigan is no stranger to the problem of distracted driving. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that, nationally, in 2014, 3,179 individuals were killed and 431,000 victims were injured in car accidents involving distracted drivers. In Michigan during 2015, there were 7,516 car accidents involving distracted driving, which resulted in 28 fatalities and 3,472 injuries. Cell phones were involved in 753 car accidents, resulting in three fatalities and 377 injuries.
There are three main categories of distracted driving: manual, visual and cognitive. Texting while driving is considered the most dangerous form of distracted driving because it combines all three types of distracted driving into one dangerous activity. According to research, a driver's brain remains distracted for 27 seconds after they have sent a text using voice commands, dialed a phone, or changed the music. Additional distracted driving behaviors include using a navigation system or operating a radio; attending to children or talking to passengers; eating and drinking; grooming; and reading.